I have decided to divide this blog post in to three parts, because I want to explain
and define the different Webs. This way I feel like it is easier to understand
the differences. It can be hard to describe these differences because all the
three Webs glide over each other. The easiest way to start is by doing it
chronologically with Wed 1.0, since this was the first Web. Then continue to
Web 2.0 and the last one Web 3.0. I will give a quick summary at the end.
Web 1.0 was
the first Web that was open to the public. This is the Web that Tim Berners Lee
created in the early 90’s. A lot of people remember this period because of the
noise the internet made when you tried to log on. You had to dial up the phone
company that provided you with the internet. Anyway, the first Web a long with
the internet is often remembered by this particular sound.
With Web1.0 there was created hypertext that made it easier for the user to click a button with a link instead of remembering the whole address to a particular
page. Today we do not even think about this. It has become normal, but think
about if we did not have hypertext.
However, the Web pages were not the same as they are today. The pages were static and they could for the most part only communicate one way. That means that you could read documents posted on the Web, but not comment or interact with the pages. One of the reasons for one way communication on the Web was that a lot of people were afraid for their privacy. They did not want the web to damage the privacy. During this period people could create personal pages were they wrote about themselves, but compared to these days, no one else could post of comment anything there. Therefore, we can call this Web a one way communication Web. People that used Web 1.0 did not need to go back to a page they already had seen or read, because there was no opportunity to update the Web pages. This is why we call the pages of this period static.
The 2.0 Web is a development of 1.0. 2.0 was developed after how the users wanted the Web to be. We can associate this Web with social media, blogging, sharing, etc. This was a new form of sharing information with each other. There were no static pages. You could now update your personal page such as Facebook or MySpace.
Tim Berners Lee called this Web design; “read/write Web”. He did this because you could read, as in Web 1.0, but you could also write comments to someone or update your pages as much as you wanted. This is not just the passive Web as in Web 1.0, with this Web you could participate. Darcy DiNucci said in one of her
articles, “Fragmented Future”; “The web will be understood not as screenfulls
of text and graphics but as a transport mechanism, the other through which
interactivity happens.” Some other people called this Web; “participatory Web”.
Instead of just reading, you can also write and therefore participate.
There has been a lot and still are discussions around how to define Web 3.0. Many believe that this Web is the era of personalization. Others have argued that this Web is where the computers are going to generate new information instead of humans.
Web 3.0 is an extension of the 2.0 and has a lot of the qualities. However, this Web is where you do not do the work; the computer does it for you. The Web is going to simplify your search for you. One example from Wikipedia is; when you are going on vacation you have to do separate searches for your airline ticket, your hotel reservations and your car rental. With Web 3.0 you will be able to do all of this in one simple search. Another example of how the Web 3.0 can work is
that you might type in a whole sentence or question to Google or Yahoo. An
example could be; I want to watch an action movie and eat spicy food tonight.
What are my options? The Web 3.0 will provide you with all of your options.
Maybe this is the new personal assistant?
The computer will remember the things that you have searched for earlier and give you the results that are personalized for you. I heard on the news yesterday
that Facebook can track what pages you visit for hours after you logged off.
This way they can gather information and post sites or commercials on your
Facebook page, adapted to your likings.
To summarize I want to say, all of these Webs define a period of how we used the
internet. It is difficult to say when each Web started and ended, because they
glide over each other. But they do have different qualities so we can
distinguish them. The most distinguished barrier between Web 1.0 and 2.0 is
that Web 1.0 had static pages and hypertext, and Web 2.0 had pages you could
update and interact with. Web 3.0 on the other hand is not that clearly
defined, but it is more of a personalized Web that simplifies things for you. This
is still ongoing!