The Use of Social Media During The Revolution in Egypt

Image You Can’t Silence FREEDOM – By Beco G.

The Egyptian people finally used their voice, in form of writing, to express what they felt about the suppressing regime. This picture says a lot about how the people in Egypt have used their keyboards to get to freedom.

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In the citation above Wael Ghonim is comparing the revolution to Wikipedia. Everyone was contributing either by going physically to demonstrations or by writing about different happenings on Twitter or posting videos on Youtube. Wael Ghonim was also the administrator on the Facebook page “We are all Khaled Said”. Because of his pro-democracy work through different social medias he was arrested for 11 days.

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Media also used social media to communicate to the rest of the world, like in this example where Cooper Anderson was attaced by Mubarak supporters. As soon as he was safe he tweeted about the happening so the rest of the world could read it. Other people also tweeted about things they had experienced and the government could not do anything without the world finding out.

Top Stories World events/News on Twitter

1: AH1N1 – Swine Flu

2: Mubarak – former Egyptian President

3: Easter – Christian holiday

4: Cairo – capital of Egypt

This indicates the amount of attention the revolution in Egypt got. Individuals all over the world wanted to participate, have a say and help them to share their information further through social media.

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This is the Facebook page that was started after Khaled Said was killed by the police. The page is full of critiques towards the government. Even though there is only 20 % of the egyptian people that has access to a computer, there was soon about half a million members of this page.

Organizing Protest

Facebook was used as a megaphone to spread the word about demonstrations, people could sign up and participate, share their meanings, and knowledge.

Advice & Tips

Demonstrators used Facebook and Twitter to guide others on what routes to avoid, what clothes to wear, and what supplies to keep on hand. The international world was also giving advises through the same social medias for example on how to wash tear gas from their faces.

Storytelling

Someone had to tell the real story since the local TV channels did not. Filtering what’s real and not was left to the reader, but this was not hard because of the large amount of videos, pictures and articles that was posted on the web. These medias painted a clear picture.

Inducing Pressure on International Politics

Since the participation and the use of social media were so high in this revolution, it had to be answered by the international society. The mass of Facebook pages, news, Tweets and web videos was louder than a single countrys’ voice, and therefore could not be ignored by international communities. They earned the attention.

Video as the future language

Language has been changing ever since we started speaking to each other. Now we are being more exposed to video language instead of written language. The written language has always been preferred because you can save this on paper. However, these days you can also save spoken language with the use of a recorder or a video camera.

A video camera is probably the most used these days, and I think this is going to continue. The video is not only something you only can see or only hear like a newspaper or a radio. You stimulate two senses at the same time.  This means that you can both watch and hear at the same time. You are then using less energy to understand the message. For the future I think this is going to continue to be used. We can already see today how many people who watch videos or TV. The average person in the US watch 4.5 hours of TV a day and this is quite much.

We can also take a look at what the Internet is doing to videos. Take YouTube for example. This website has lots and lots of videos you can watch. You can also upload your own videos so other people can watch you. Bloggers are starting to make videos of themselves where they are talking to the camera instead of writing the things they want to contribute so others can read it. One invention that has contributed a lot to this is the portable video camera. This invention has made it easier to shoot videos wherever you are; you even have one built in your cellphone. When you also have Internet built in your cellphone you can post your video online within seconds.

I believe the video going to be more and more used, but I don’t think it’s going to take over. Even though we are using videos more and more and this trend is probably going to continue, we are still going to use the written language as we do today. Videos seem to be coming in addition to the written language and not replacing it. Maybe some small things are replaced like people watching the Harry Potter video instead of reading the book. However, I think this is as far as it goes. The written language is still going to be used as much as it is today.

Anyway, the video is going to be used more and more. We can already see the trend of this in the examples explained above. Just take a look at all the web videos that we have posted on our Facebook page. It is a lot more fun to watch a YouTube video then read an article. I think this is because it is easier to understand the message. And I can see evidence of this on our Facebook page. So we can say that video is going to be a big part of our future language!

The privacy of Facebook

The privacy on Facebook is actually very important. If you have a Facebook account, this account can be found by Googleing your name. So it is up to you to have a locked profile where you chose who gets to see your what. If the profile is open, anyone can see it and get a lot of information about you and they do not even have to be logged on to Facebook. So if you don´t want anyone else than your friends to see your profile you have to go into your privacy settings and edit this if it´s not already done.

One example:

In July this year a 16-year-old girl from Hamburg, Germany wanted to celebrate her birthday. She started an event on Facebook, but she accidently posted this event as public. It turned up over 1600 people that wanted to attend. The police got reports of overcrowding, and 100 police officers were deployed for crowd control. 11 of the participants were arrested for property damage and resistance to authorities and one policeman was injured.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook

This is how bad it could get if you don’t pay attention to how your privacy settings are set up.

Another example of how you can customize your privacy settings is what Camilla did when we made a blog. We made a blog so that we more easily could communicate with our friends and family at home. This blog is connected to Facebook and every time we post something on the blog it automatically post a link to this blog on Camilla´s wall. She did not want to have every one of her Facebook friends to see all the pictures and blogs we posted, so she went on privacy settings and customized the list of friends who could see her wall. This is one thing that is possible to do.

A big reason for why it could be smart to customize your privacy settings is that many people have a lot of Facebook friends who they don’t talk to that often, and some of them might be family. So before you post a lot of embarrassing pictures of your self, make sure you know who can see them.  And if you don’t want anything embarrassing of you online, don’t post it at all.

If you want to take a better look at what you can do to protect the things you publish, take a look at this link:

http://www.allfacebook.com/facebook-privacy-tips-2010-01

 

This can help you to understand what´s important to protect and how you do it.

Facebook Privacy

Web 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0

I have decided to divide this blog post in to three parts, because I want to explain
and define the different Webs. This way I feel like it is easier to understand
the differences. It can be hard to describe these differences because all the
three Webs glide over each other. The easiest way to start is by doing it
chronologically with Wed 1.0, since this was the first Web. Then continue to
Web 2.0 and the last one Web 3.0. I will give a quick summary at the end.

Web 1.0

Web 1.0 was
the first Web that was open to the public. This is the Web that Tim Berners Lee
created in the early 90’s. A lot of people remember this period because of the
noise the internet made when you tried to log on. You had to dial up the phone
company that provided you with the internet. Anyway, the first Web a long with
the internet is often remembered by this particular sound.

With Web1.0 there was created hypertext that made it easier for the user to click a button with a link instead of remembering the whole address to a particular
page. Today we do not even think about this. It has become normal, but think
about if we did not have hypertext.

However, the Web pages were not the same as they are today. The pages were static and they could for the most part only communicate one way. That means that you could read documents posted on the Web, but not comment or interact with the pages. One of the reasons for one way communication on the Web was that a lot of people were afraid for their privacy. They did not want the web to damage the privacy. During this period people could create personal pages were they wrote about themselves, but compared to these days, no one else could post of comment anything there. Therefore, we can call this Web a one way communication Web. People that used Web 1.0 did not need to go back to a page they already had seen or read, because there was no opportunity to update the Web pages. This is why we call the pages of this period static.

Web 2.0

The 2.0 Web is a development of 1.0. 2.0 was developed after how the users wanted the Web to be. We can associate this Web with social media, blogging, sharing, etc. This was a new form of sharing information with each other. There were no static pages. You could now update your personal page such as Facebook or MySpace.

Tim Berners Lee called this Web design; “read/write Web”. He did this because you could read, as in Web 1.0, but you could also write comments to someone or update your pages as much as you wanted. This is not just the passive Web as in Web 1.0, with this Web you could participate. Darcy DiNucci said in one of her
articles, “Fragmented Future”; “The web will be understood not as screenfulls
of text and graphics but as a transport mechanism, the other through which
interactivity happens.” Some other people called this Web; “participatory Web”.
Instead of just reading, you can also write and therefore participate.

Web 3.0

There has been a lot and still are discussions around how to define Web 3.0. Many believe that this Web is the era of personalization. Others have argued that this Web is where the computers are going to generate new information instead of humans.

Web 3.0 is an extension of the 2.0 and has a lot of the qualities. However, this Web is where you do not do the work; the computer does it for you. The Web is going to simplify your search for you. One example from Wikipedia is; when you are going on vacation you have to do separate searches for your airline ticket, your hotel reservations and your car rental. With Web 3.0 you will be able to do all of this in one simple search. Another example of how the Web 3.0 can work is
that you might type in a whole sentence or question to Google or Yahoo. An
example could be; I want to watch an action movie and eat spicy food tonight.
What are my options? The Web 3.0 will provide you with all of your options.
Maybe this is the new personal assistant?

The computer will remember the things that you have searched for earlier and give you the results that are personalized for you. I heard on the news yesterday
that Facebook can track what pages you visit for hours after you logged off.
This way they can gather information and post sites or commercials on your
Facebook page, adapted to your likings.

To summarize I want to say, all of these Webs define a period of how we used the
internet. It is difficult to say when each Web started and ended, because they
glide over each other. But they do have different qualities so we can
distinguish them. The most distinguished barrier between Web 1.0 and 2.0 is
that Web 1.0 had static pages and hypertext, and Web 2.0 had pages you could
update and interact with. Web 3.0 on the other hand is not that clearly
defined, but it is more of a personalized Web that simplifies things for you. This
is still ongoing!

Project no. 2

When I had to write about something that I had learned this week I had to start thinking. There are a lot of issues and themes to write about, because I have learned a lot this week. The idea that got me to write about, if Medias isolates people, I got when I almost had felt asleep. I had to wake up and start writing because I was afraid I would forget the idea by the day after.

Are we getting more isolated because of new Medias?

This week I have learned and put a lot of thought into that some Medias, that are suppose to bring people together actually creates bigger distance between them. If you think about it you know that this is happening. My point is that you very rarely think about this at all, but it is very interesting once you do.

Take movies for example. When cinemas were starting to show movies, it brought people together. They came together and experienced the movie together. Afterwards they could talk about whet they had seen. We still can today, but I think less people go to the movies these days. Some of the reason for this is that we now got the TV and TIVO. Now everybody can watch whatever they want whenever they want. They do not have to plan to watch a movie. People can download it, turn on the TIVO or TV. You can even pause the movie if you want to go grab a snack or go to the bathroom. This is something that cinemas do not have, and therefore makes watching a movie at home more attractive. TV and TIVO are definitely isolating people.

Together with TV you also got social medias like Facebook and Twitter, etc. The meaning of these Medias is to bring people to a social meeting place. A place where it is easier to stay in touch with people. And it is a place like that; only thing that I react to is that people use it to read about what other people are doing and what their life is like, instead of going and talking to them. What happened to going out and meeting people face to face instead of pressing the “like” button or comment on someone’s status?

All of the interaction that you get through for example Facebook is tagging, commenting, posting, sharing, rating and poking. What happened to talking? I am not saying that social medias is something that we should not use, but maybe we could think about how much we use is and what we use it for. Because, at the moment a lot of social Medias are contributing in isolating people from each other.

Fun fact- If Facebook was a country; it would be the 4th largest in the world.

Evolution of social media

Found this video, and it’s really interesting. Take a look!

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oi34kVUEL5c